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Identification and characterisation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe cyclophilin 3, a cyclosporin A insensitive orthologue of human USA-CyP.

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The School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, East Sussex, BN1 9QG, Brighton, UK.


We have identified nine cyclophilins encoded in the genome of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Sp). Cyclophilin 3 is an orthologue of hUSA-CyP, which is associated with Prp4/Prp3 in the [U4/U6.U5] snRNP complex and Prp18, both of which are components of the pre-mRNA splicing machinery. PPIase assays have shown SpCyp3 and hUSA-CyP to have comparable activity and substrate specificity, but SpCyp3 has a reduced sensitivity to CsA correlating with a difference in the catalytic site. Prp3, Prp4 and Prp18 proteins exist in S. pombe and nuclear localisation of SpCyp3 has been shown, indicating conservation of function between hUSA-CyP and SpCyp3.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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