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Blood. 2003 Jul 1;102(1):136-41. Epub 2003 Mar 20.

Fanconi anemia protein complex: mapping protein interactions in the yeast 2- and 3-hybrid systems.

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  • 1Program in Genetics and Genomic Biology, Research Institute, Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8, Canada.


Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by progressive bone marrow failure and cancer predisposition. Eight FA complementation groups have been identified. The FANCA, FANCC, FANCE, FANCF, and FANCG proteins form a nuclear complex required for the monoubiquination of the FANCD2 protein. To investigate the architecture of the FA protein complex, the yeast 2-hybrid system was used to map contact points of the FANCA/FANCG, FANCC/FANCE, and FANCF/FANCG interactions. FANCG was shown to interact with both the amino-terminus of FANCA and the carboxyl-terminal region of FANCF. A FANCG mutant truncated at the carboxyl-terminus retained the ability to interact with FANCA. The interaction between FANCG and FANCF was ablated by a Leu71Pro mutant of FANCG. A central region of FANCE was sufficient for FANCC binding. A Leu554Pro mutant of FANCC failed to interact with FANCE. To further examine complex assembly, the yeast 3-hybrid system was used to investigate the ability of FANCG to act as a molecular bridge in mediating interaction between other FA proteins. FANCG was able to mediate interaction between FANCA and FANCF, as well as between monomers of FANCA. Direct interaction between FANCE and FANCD2 was also demonstrated in the yeast 2-hybrid system. This interaction involving an amino-terminal region of FANCD2 may provide a link between the FA protein complex and its downstream targets.

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