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Blood. 2003 Jul 1;102(1):223-8. Epub 2003 Mar 20.

Immunogenicity and protective efficacy of orally administered recombinant Lactococcus lactis expressing surface-bound HIV Env.

Author information

1
Department of Bacteriology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004, Japan.

Abstract

This study investigates whether genetically modified orally administered Lactococcus lactis (L lactis) could be used as an HIV vaccine. L lactis is immunogenic and extremely safe when delivered orally. We created a recombinant L lactis vector expressing the envelope protein of HIV on its cell surface. Oral immunization with this vector induced high levels of HIV-specific serum IgG and fecal IgA antibodies. Cell-mediated immune responses also were generated in both the regional lymph nodes and the spleen. Dendritic cells are readily infected by L lactis and appear to play a potential role in mediating the development of these immune responses. The protective efficacy of this vaccine strategy was demonstrated by challenging mice intraperitoneally with an HIV Env-expressing vaccinia virus. Their viral loads were 350-fold lower than those of control mice. These findings support the further development of L lactis-based HIV vaccines.

PMID:
12649143
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2003-01-0110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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