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J Immunol. 2003 Apr 1;170(7):3608-13.

Requirement of species-specific interactions for the activation of human gamma delta T cells by pamidronate.

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  • 1Department of Immunology and Cell Biology, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.


Human gammadelta T cells bearing Vgamma2Vdelta2-TCR recognize various kinds of small nonpeptide Ags, and activation of them by a nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate Ag, pamidronate, requires Ag presentation by cells other than gammadelta T cells, including many human tumor cells. Present results demonstrated that tumor cell lines of nonhuman origins pulsed with pamidronate failed to activate human gammadelta T cells without exception, whereas most if not all human tumor cell lines could do so. Gammadelta T cells formed stable conjugates with pamidronate-pulsed human tumor cells and both conjugate formation and gammadelta T cell activation were inhibited significantly by anti-LFA-1 mAb, suggesting the requirement of LFA-1-mediated interaction with APC for efficient gammadelta T cell activation. Consistently, ICAM-1(low) tumor cell lines pulsed with pamidronate induced no or only weak activation of gammadelta T cells, whereas similarly treated ICAM-1(high) cell lines could activate them. One of the two ICAM-1(low) tumor cell lines pulsed with pamidronate induced strong gammadelta T cell activation after ICAM-1 gene transfer. However, another ICAM-1(low) human cell line as well as murine tumor cell lines pulsed with pamidronate remained totally defective in gammadelta T cell activation even after expression of human ICAM-1. These results suggested that activation of human gammadelta T cells by nonpeptide Ags required species-specific interactions in addition to LFA-1/ICAM-1-mediated cell adhesion with APC.

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