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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Mar 21;302(4):773-7.

Mouse mast cell protease-1 cleaves angiotensin I to form angiotensin II.

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Suntory Biomedical Research Limited, 1-1-1 Wakayamadai, Shimamoto-cho, Mishima-gun, Osaka 618-8503, Japan.


The ability to convert angiotensin (Ang) I to Ang II was compared between human alpha-chymase and two mouse beta-chymases, mouse mast cell protease (mMCP)-1 and mMCP-4. Human chymase hydrolyzed Ang I to produce Ang II without further degradation. mMCP-1 similarly generated Ang II from Ang I in a time-dependent manner and the formation of the fragment other than Ang II was marginal. In contrast, mMCP-4 hydrolyzed Ang I at two sites, Tyr(4)-Ile(5) and Phe(8)-His(9), with Ang II formation being tentative. Consistently, mMCP-4 but not human chymase hydrolyzed Ang II and mMCP-1 showed little hydrolytic activity against Ang II. These data suggest that not only human chymase but also mMCP-1 might possess a physiological role in Ang II formation. Our findings also imply that the Ang-converting activity of chymase may not be related to the categorization of chymase into alpha- or beta-type based on their primary structure.

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