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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Mar 28;303(1):196-200.

Insights into the regulation of heat shock transcription factor 1 SUMO-1 modification.

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1
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Chandler Medical Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0298, USA.

Abstract

The transcriptional regulatory protein HSF1 is the key mediator of induced heat shock protein gene expression in response to elevated temperature and other stresses. Our previous studies identified stress-induced SUMO-1 modification of HSF1 as an important regulator of the DNA-binding activity of this factor. The underlying molecular mechanism by which stress leads to sumoylation of HSF1 was unknown. Prompted by previous studies indicating stress-induced phosphorylation at serine 307 of HSF1, a site very near the sumoylation site at lysine 298, we examined the role of this phosphorylation event in regulating SUMO-1 modification of HSF1. Using a combination of transfection and in vitro phosphorylation/sumoylation experiments, our results indicate that phosphorylation at serine 307 stimulates sumoylation of HSF1. Our results also reveal a role for a conserved leucine zipper sequence in the C-terminal region of HSF1 in inhibiting its SUMO-1 modification. Based on these data, we postulate that phosphorylation at serine 307 could stimulate HSF1 sumoylation by causing a conformation change that relieves the inhibitory effect of the C-terminal leucine zipper.

PMID:
12646186
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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