Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2003 Mar;367(3):297-305. Epub 2003 Feb 4.

Effects of selective serotonin and serotonin/noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors on extracellular serotonin in rat diencephalon and frontal cortex.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, Nelson Biological Laboratories, Rutgers University, 604 Allison Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA. matthews@axon.rutgers.edu

Abstract

Some clinical reports suggest that tricyclic antidepressants which block both noradrenaline and serotonin (5-HT) reuptake (SNRIs) are more effective than selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in treating severe depression. Moreover, one neurochemical study reported larger increases in extracellular 5-HT in rat frontal cortex in response to the tricyclic antidepressant imipramine compared to the SSRI fluoxetine. However, imipramine, which blocks both 5-HT and noradrenaline reuptake, also binds with relatively high affinity to receptors for noradrenaline, histamine and acetylcholine. Thus, to test the hypothesis that compounds that inhibit both 5-HT and noradrenaline reuptake produce larger increases in 5-HT efflux, we compared the effects of acute systemic administration of several SNRIs and SSRIs. Extracellular 5-HT was measured using microdialysis probes implanted in the diencephalon and frontal cortex of unanesthetized rats. We tested the SSRIs paroxetine (0.3-10 mg/kg), citalopram (10-20 mg/kg) and fluoxetine (10 mg/kg), the nonselective tricyclic antidepressant imipramine (20 mg/kg) and the more selective SNRIs duloxetine (3-30 mg/kg) and venlafaxine (30-50 mg/kg). During the lights-off period, paroxetine and duloxetine increased 5-HT in the diencephalon approximately 300 and approximately 200%, respectively. During the lights-on period, paroxetine and duloxetine each increased 5-HT approximately 400% in the diencephalon. In the frontal cortex, both paroxetine and duloxetine increased 5-HT approximately 200%. Citalopram and venlafaxine each increased 5-HT in the diencephalon approximately 300%. Fluoxetine and imipramine increased 5-HT in the diencephalon by approximately 125 and approximately 80%, respectively. Thus, these results do not support the hypothesis that compared to SSRIs, compounds which inhibit both 5-HT and noradrenaline reuptake have a larger acute effect on extracellular 5-HT.

PMID:
12644903
DOI:
10.1007/s00210-002-0688-x
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center