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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Mar;111(3):520-6.

Differential expression of thymus- and activation-regulated chemokine (CCL17) and macrophage-derived chemokine (CCL22) by human fibroblasts from cornea, skin, and lung.

Author information

1
Department of Ocular Pathophysiology, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Ube City, Yamaguchi, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Allergic diseases of the ocular surface, skin, and lung are triggered by T(H)2 cells, which are recruited by thymus- and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC; CCL17) and macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC; CCL22). Resident fibroblasts are thought to contribute to inflammatory cell infiltration through chemokine production.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to provide insight into the clinical differences apparent among these allergic diseases of the eye, skin, and lung, and we compared the abilities of corneal, dermal, and lung fibroblasts to produce TARC and MDC.

METHODS:

The amounts of chemokines released into the culture supernatant were determined by means of ELISA, and the intracellular abundance of chemokine mRNAs was quantitated by means of reverse transcription and real-time PCR analysis.

RESULTS:

Neither TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, IL-4, nor IL-13 alone induced the release of TARC from or affected the amount of TARC mRNA in corneal, dermal, or lung fibroblasts. The combination of TNF-alpha with either IL-4 or IL-13, however, markedly increased both TARC release and the abundance of TARC mRNA in corneal and dermal fibroblasts, but not in lung fibroblasts. Neither MDC release nor MDC mRNA was detected in any of the 3 types of fibroblasts stimulated with any of the cytokines examined.

CONCLUSION:

These results indicate that cytokine regulation of TARC expression differs among fibroblasts derived from the cornea, skin, or lung. Corneal and dermal fibroblasts might thus be important sources of TARC during allergic inflammation.

PMID:
12642832
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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