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Vaccine. 2003 Apr 2;21(15):1694-703.

Recombinant Vibrio cholerae ghosts as a delivery vehicle for vaccinating against Chlamydia trachomatis.

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Department of Microbiology, Biochemistry and Immunology, Morehouse School of Medicine, 720 Westview Dr. Atlanta, GA 30310, USA.


An efficacious vaccine is needed to control the morbidity and burden of rising healthcare costs associated with genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection. Despite considerable efforts, the development of reliable chlamydial vaccines using conventional strategies has proven to be elusive. The 40kDa major outer membrane protein (MOMP) of C. trachomatis is so far the most promising candidate for a subunit vaccine. The lack of satisfactory protective immunity with MOMP-based vaccine regimens to date would suggest that either MOMP alone is inadequate as a vaccine candidate or better delivery systems are needed to optimize the effect of MOMP. Recombinant Vibrio cholerae ghosts (rVCG) are attractive for use as non-living vaccines because they possess strong adjuvant properties and are excellent vehicles for delivery of antigens of vaccine relevance to mucosal sites. The suitability of the ghost technology for designing an anti-chlamydial vaccine was evaluated by constructing a rVCG vector-based candidate vaccine expressing MOMP (rVCG-MOMP) and assessing vaccine efficacy in a murine model of C. trachomatis genital infection. Intramuscular delivery of the rVCG-MOMP vaccine induced elevated local genital mucosal as well as systemic Th1 responses. In addition, immune T cells from immunized mice could transfer partial protection against a C. trachomatis genital challenge to nai;ve mice. These results suggest that rVCG expressing chlamydial proteins may constitute a suitable subunit vaccine for inducing an efficient mucosal T cell response that protects against C. trachomatis infection. Altogether, the potency and relatively low production cost of rVCG offer a significant technical advantage as a chlamydial vaccine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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