Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Sci (Lond). 2003 Jul;105(1):59-66.

Decreased left ventricular longitudinal contraction in normotensive and normoalbuminuric patients with Type II diabetes mellitus: a Doppler tissue tracking and strain rate echocardiography study.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Diabetes and Endocrinology, Aarhus University Hospital, Nørrebrogade 44, Aarhus C-8000, Denmark. holmark@iekf.au.dk

Abstract

Type II diabetes mellitus is associated with congestive heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. This group of patients has been assumed to have isolated diastolic dysfunction; however, the longitudinal systolic contraction of the left ventricle has not been studied previously. The objective of the present study was to investigate the longitudinal contraction of the left ventricle in normotensive Type II diabetes mellitus patients with normal ejection fraction. We examined 32 normotensive patients with Type II diabetes mellitus with ejection fraction >0.55 and fractional shortening >0.25. Exclusion criteria were angina pectoris, cardiac valve disease, albuminuria, retinopathy or neuropathy. Normal subjects (n =32) served as controls. A 16 segment model of motion amplitude assessed left ventricular longitudinal contraction and the average of the segments was calculated as the tissue tracking score index. Peak systolic velocity and strain rate was also obtained in each segment. Patients with Type II diabetes mellitus had a significantly lower tissue tracking score index compared with normal subjects (5.8+/-1.6 mm compared with 7.7+/-1.1 mm; P <0.001). Mean peak systolic velocity was also significantly lower (4.3+/-1.5 cm/s compared with 5.4+/-1.0 cm/s; P <0.001), as well as peak systolic strain rate (-1.2+/-0.3 s(-1) compared with -1.6+/-0.4 s(-1); P <0.001). Patients with Type II diabetes mellitus and preserved diastolic function had a significantly lower tissue tracking score index compared with normal subjects (6.6+/-1.5 mm; P <0.001), but patients with diastolic dysfunction had an even more profound decrease in tissue tracking score index compared with patients without diastolic dysfunction (4.9+/-0.9 mm; P <0.01). In conclusion, the longitudinal systolic contraction was significantly decreased in normotensive patients with Type II diabetes mellitus with normal ejection fraction, which was most profound in patients with concomitant diastolic dysfunction.

PMID:
12639218
DOI:
10.1042/CS20020303
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center