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Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2003 Jul;285(1):R255-61. Epub 2003 Mar 13.

Effect of ANG II type I receptor antagonist and ACE inhibitor on vitamin D receptor-null mice.

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Dept. of Medicine, University of Chicago, MC 4076, 5841 S. Maryland Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, USA.


We recently showed that vitamin D receptor (VDR) inactivation results in deregulated stimulation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). To address further the relation between RAS activation and the abnormalities in electrolyte and volume homeostasis, we studied the effect of the ANG II type I receptor antagonist losartan and the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril on VDR-null mice. Treatment with losartan or captopril normalized the water intake and urine excretion of VDR-null mice. However, the increase in salt excretion in VDR-null mice was not affected by either drug, suggesting that this abnormality is independent of the RAS. Northern blot and immunohistochemical analyses revealed that both drugs caused a drastic stimulation of renin expression in wild-type and VDR-null mice, but renin expression remained much higher in the treated VDR-null mice than in the treated wild-type mice, suggesting that the ANG II feedback mechanism remains intact in the mutant mice. These data firmly established a causative relation between RAS overstimulation and the abnormal volume homeostasis in VDR-null mice and demonstrated that vitamin D repression of renin expression is independent of the ANG II feedback regulation in vivo.

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