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Blood. 2003 Jul 1;102(1):254-61. Epub 2003 Mar 13.

Ser727/Tyr701-phosphorylated Stat1 is required for the regulation of c-Myc, cyclins, and p27Kip1 associated with ATRA-induced G0/G1 arrest of U-937 cells.

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  • 1Department of Genetics and Pathology, Rudbeck Laboratory, Uppsala University, S-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden.


All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-induced growth arrest of myeloid cells is associated with a sequential regulation of cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs), which modulates the cell cycle machinery and inhibits the G1-S phase progression. ATRA treatment of myeloid cells induces up-regulation and tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat1, a member of the STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription) transcription factor family that has been implicated in growth arrest in response to interferons. We have previously shown that ATRA-induced cell cycle arrest is dependent on tyrosinephosphorylated Stat1. In this study, we show that there is a basal level of Stat1 Ser727 phosphorylation in U-937 cells, which is transiently increased in response to ATRA treatment. Using Stat1Ser727Ala-expressing sublines, we provide evidence that Ser727 phosphorylation of Stat1 is required for ATRA-induced growth arrest. To shed further light on the role of Stat1 in ATRA-induced cell cycle arrest, cyclin and CKI expression was analyzed during ATRA treatment in U-937 sublines expressing Stat1Ser727Ala and Stat1Tyr701Phe. Our results show that Ser727/Tyr701-phosphorylated Stat1 plays a key role as a prerequisite for the ATRA-induced down-regulation of c-Myc; cyclins A, B, D2, D3, and E; and the simultaneous up-regulation of p27Kip1, associated with arrest in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle.

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