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Ann Hum Biol. 2003 Mar-Apr;30(2):214-9.

A randomized, controlled lower leg growth study of vitamin D supplementation to healthy children during the winter season.

Author information

1
Children's Clinic Randers, Randers, Denmark. ajs@dadlnet.dk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The deceleration of longitudinal growth in children during winter occurs simultaneously with a decrease in the number of daylight hours and a reduction in vitamin D status. Due to worries about deleterious effects on bone of a relative insufficiency, vitamin D supplementation to healthy children has been suggested.

AIM:

To see whether supplementation of vitamin D to healthy children during winter affects seasonal growth.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Twelve girls and eight boys aged 6.2-13.7 (mean 9.8) years, all healthy, were enrolled in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled cross-over study with two 4-week treatment periods and 2-week run-in and wash-out periods. Vitamin D(3) 600 IU was given in one tablet ABCDin daily. Knemometry of the right lower leg was performed on the first and last day of each period.

RESULTS:

Lower leg growth rates (mean +/- SEM) during placebo and vitamin D(3) administration were identical: 0.28 +/- 0.04 mm per week (p = 0.94, t = 0.1, 95% CI: - 0.12-0.13 mm per week).

CONCLUSION:

Supplementation with vitamin D(3) 600 IU day(-1) to healthy children during winter may not improve seasonal growth. Therefore, supplementation may not be recommended on the grounds of concerns about growth; however firm conclusions await randomized long-term studies.

PMID:
12637196
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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