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Prog Neurobiol. 2003 Jan;69(1):49-69.

Roles of the mammalian subventricular zone in brain development.

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Department of Neuroscience and Anatomy, H109 Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, P.O. Box 850, Hershey, PA 17033, USA.


There has been enormous progress in uncovering the contributions of the subventricular zone (SVZ) to the developing brain. Here, we review the roles of four anatomically defined embryologic divisions of the SVZ of the mammalian brain: the lateral ganglionic eminence (LGE), the medial ganglionic eminence (MGE), the caudal ganglionic eminence (CGE), and the fetal neocortical SVZ (SVZn), as well as the roles of the two major anatomically defined regions of the postnatal SVZ, the anterior SVZ (SVZa) and the dorsolateral SVZ (SVZdl). We describe the types of cells within each subdivision of the SVZ, the types of brain cells that they generate during embryonic, fetal, and perinatal development, and when known the mechanisms that regulate their differentiation. This review provides a critical analysis of the literature, from which current and future studies on the SVZ can be formulated and evaluated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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