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Chem Phys Lipids. 2003 Mar;123(1):63-75.

Comparative study on the action of tocopherols and tocotrienols as antioxidant: chemical and physical effects.

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  • 1Human Stress Signal Research Center (HSSRC), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Ikeda, Osaka 563-8577, Japan. yoshida-ya@aist.go.jp

Abstract

alpha-Tocopherol is known as the most abundant and active form of vitamin E homologues in vivo, but recently the role of other forms of vitamin E has received renewed attention. The antioxidant properties were compared for alpha-, beta-, gamma- and delta-tocopherols and tocotrienols. The following results were obtained: (1). the corresponding tocopherols and tocotrienols exerted the same reactivities toward radicals and the same antioxidant activities against lipid peroxidation in solution and liposomal membranes; (2). tocopherols gave more significant physical effect than tocotrienols on the increase in rigidity at the membrane interior; (3). tocopherols and tocotrienols showed similar mobilities within the membranes, but tocotrienols were more readily transferred between the membranes and incorporated into the membranes than tocopherols; (4). alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocotrienol, but not the other forms, reduced Cu(II) to give Cu(I) together with alpha-tocopheryl and alpha-tocotrienyl quinones, respectively and exerted prooxidant effect in the oxidation of methyl linoleate in SDS micelles.

PMID:
12637165
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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