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Int J Med Microbiol. 2003 Feb;292(7-8):513-25.

Subtyping of Mycoplasma pneumoniae isolates based on extended genome sequencing and on expression profiles.

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Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Hygiene, Technische Universität, Medizinische Fakultät Carl Gustav Carus, Dresden, Germany.


Mycoplasma pneumoniae isolates from patients, collected over a period of 12 years in Germany, were characterized by various methods (parameters) including multilocus sequence typing, restriction fragment length polymorphisms, Western blotting with mono-specific antibodies directed against selected proteins or with polyspecific antibodies directed against the Triton X-114-soluble protein fraction, and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The results for 91 isolates from Germany, which were complemented with 14 isolates from the USA and 10 isolates from France, clearly showed that M. pneumoniae is a highly uniform species and that most of the isolates could be assigned to one of the two subtypes 1 and 2. The members of one subtype differ from the other with respect to the sequence of the P1 gene, the ORF6 gene, the P65 gene, and by a typical DNA restriction fragment pattern. We observed four isolates (variants), which seemed identical by the above mentioned criteria, but did not belong to either one of the two subtypes. They showed most of the subtype 2-specific features, but differed in the sequence of the P1 gene and showed a variation in the restriction fragment pattern. The appearance of subtype 1 or 2 over the last 12 years in Germany showed a dominance of subtype 1 between 1989 and 1996 and a dominance of subtype 2 between 1997 and 1998. The variant (neither subtype 1 nor subtype 2) was only detected in 1991 and 1995 but it had no epidemiological consequences.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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