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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003 Mar;84(3):558-68.

Power moves: complementarity in dominant and submissive nonverbal behavior.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, California 94305-5015, USA. ltiedens@stanford.edu

Abstract

Two studies examine complementarity (vs. mimicry) of dominant and submissive nonverbal behaviors. In the first study, participants interacted with a confederate who displayed either dominance (through postural expansion) or submission (through postural constriction). On average, participants exposed to a dominant confederate decreased their postural stance, whereas participants exposed to a submissive confederate increased their stance. Further, participants with complementing responses (dominance in response to submission and submission in response to dominance) liked their partner more and were more comfortable than those who mimicked. In the second study, complementarity and mimicry were manipulated, and complementarity resulted in more liking and comfort than mimicry. The findings speak to the likelihood of hierarchical differentiation.

PMID:
12635916
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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