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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2003 Mar;31(5):399-402.

Refractory Evans' syndrome treated with allogeneic SCT followed by DLI. Demonstration of a graft-versus-autoimmunity effect.

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  • 1Department of Hemato-Oncology, St Martino's Hospital, Genova, Italy.


Evans' syndrome, a combination of autoimmune haemolytic anaemia and autoimmune (idiopathic) thrombocytopenic purpura, is generally harder to treat and more refractory than the single entities. In a male patient with refractory disease, predominantly thrombocytopenic, an allogeneic reduced intensity BMT from his human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sister was followed by a dramatic platelet peak while he was still experiencing initial engraftment (presumably of autologous origin), but subsequently by progressive relapse associated with mixed chimerism. Five gradually incremental DLI achieved complete donor chimerism, which was associated not only with grade II graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), but also with complete clinical and biological remission for 2 years post-transplant. Long-term FU is necessary before claiming that allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) is capable of curing an autoimmune blood disease. However, there is evidence for a graft-versus-autoimmunity effect in this case.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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