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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2003 Mar 17;1631(2):160-8.

Up-regulation of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation system occurs in butyrate-grown Candida tropicalis following disruption of the gene encoding peroxisomal 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase.

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Laboratory of Applied Biological Chemistry, Department of Synthetic Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.


In the yeast Candida tropicalis, two thiolase isozymes, peroxisomal acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase and peroxisomal 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, participate in the peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation system. Their individual contributions have been demonstrated in cells grown on butyrate, with C. tropicalis able to grow in the absence of either one. In the present study, a lack of peroxisomal 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase protein resulted in increased expression (up-regulation) of acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase and other peroxisomal proteins, whereas a lack of peroxisomal acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase produced no corresponding effect. Overexpression of the acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase gene did not suppress the up-regulation or the growth retardation on butyrate in cells without peroxisomal 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, even though large amounts of the overexpressed acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase were detected in most of the peroxisomes of butyrate-grown cells. These results provide important evidence of the greater contribution of 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase to the peroxisomal beta-oxidation system than acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase in C. tropicalis and a novel insight into the regulation of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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