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Hepatogastroenterology. 2003 Jan-Feb;50(49):222-6.

The combination therapy of interferon and amantadine hydrochloride for patients with chronic hepatitis C.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Yamada-oka 2-2, Suita City, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

The effect of interferon treatment for chronic hepatitis C patients with genotype 1b virus has been suboptimal. We studied the effect of the combination therapy of interferon and amantadine on patients with a high serum viral load of genotype 1b virus.

METHODOLOGY:

We studied the virological response of naive chronic hepatitis C patients with a high viral load of genotype 1b virus (4.5 log copies/50 microL or 100 kcopies/mL and higher) during interferon and amantadine administration for 6 months and 6 months after the end of treatment. Twenty patients were treated with interferon alone (natural interferon-beta 6 MU daily for 6 weeks and thrice-a-week for 20 weeks) for 26 weeks. Eleven patients were treated with the combination therapy of interferon and amantadine hydrochloride (100 mg orally daily) for 26 weeks.

RESULTS:

After daily administration of interferon-beta intravenously once a day for 6 weeks, all patients showed the negative tests of serum HCV-RNA by polymerase-chain-reaction methods by the combination therapy, while 13 patients (65.0%) showed the negative tests by interferon alone (p = 0.0257). At the end of treatment, serum HCV-RNA were not detected in 54.5% of patients treated with interferon and amantadine, while it was detected in 50.0% of patients treated with interferon alone. At 6 months follow-up, only one patient (9.1%) could eradicate HCV-RNA in patients with interferon and amantadine, while no patient could with interferon monotherapy (not significantly).

CONCLUSIONS:

Amantadine hydrochloride has the additive effects to interferon treatment on the virological responses of serum HCV-RNA during a co-administration, although the combination therapy has not shown a significantly promising effect on the eradication of HCV-RNA in the patients with chronic hepatitis C with a high viral load of genotype 1b virus.

PMID:
12630027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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