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J Urol. 2003 Apr;169(4):1406-10.

Long-term results of multimodal therapy for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome.

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Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston and Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale, USA.



Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a prevalent and multifactorial condition. Many patients have the condition for years despite conventional therapies. We assess the outcomes of multimodal therapy in patients with long-standing chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome.


A total of 53 patients with chronic prostatitis treated at our clinic with a minimum followup of 6 months were assessed by the National Institutes of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index and by a global assessment score. Treatments included antibiotics, prostatic massage, anti-inflammatory phytotherapy, alpha-blockers and neuromuscular agents.


Mean age patient was 45 years and median symptom history was 3.5 years. Based on localizing cultures, and microscopy of urine and prostatic fluid 13% of the cases were category II, 41% were category IIIa and 46% were category IIIb. Mean followup from the last visit was 417 days (range 185 to 1,247). Mean changes +/- SE from the initial to the final score on the National Institutes of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index were 10.4 +/- 3.3 to 5.9 +/- 4.4 for pain, 4.2 +/- 2.9 to 2.0 +/- 2.7 for urinary, 8.2 +/- 2.9 to 4.7 +/- 3.4 for quality of life and 22.7 +/- 6.6 to 13.2 +/- 9.5 for total score (p <0.0001). Based on a global subjective assessment 43 of the patients (80%) were better, 8 were the same and 3 were worse. At final assessment 39% of the patients were on no therapy, 22% were on an alpha-blocker, 37% were on quercetin, 13% were on neuromuscular agents and 9% were on antibiotics.


An approach using stepwise therapy with antibiotics, anti-inflammatories and neuromuscular agents can be successful in the majority of patients with long-standing chronic prostatitis.

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