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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2003 Mar 20;35(2):125-30.

Correlation between CMV genotypes, multiple infections with herpesviruses (HHV-6, 7) and development of CMV disease in kidney recipients in Kuwait.

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1
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Health Science Center, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 24923, 13110 Kuwait, Kuwait. pacsa@hsc.kuniv.edu.kw

Abstract

The possible correlation between cytomegalovirus, human herpesvirus types 6, 7 and cytomegalovirus-related clinical symptoms was studied in kidney transplant patients in Kuwait. Cytomegalovirus infection was diagnosed using the pp65 antigenemia assay. DNA of cytomegalovirus was detected by nested polymerase chain reaction (nested-PCR). PCR was also used to amplify the genes coding for structural proteins of human herpesvirus-6 (240 bp) and human herpesvirus-7 (186 bp). Glycoprotein B genotypes of cytomegalovirus were determined by restriction fragment length polymorphism. The average number of cells positive for cytomegalovirus pp65 antigen showed a steady increase with the severity of the cytomegalovirus-related symptoms. Furthermore, cytomegalovirus pp65 antigen positivity was significantly more frequent among recipients of cadaver kidney (45.5%) than among those who received live related kidneys (22.6%). Cytomegalovirus gB genotype 1 was detected more frequently (P<0.036) in recipients with live related donor kidney (38%) than in patients of cadaver kidney (13%). The genome of human herpesvirus-6 was detected at the same rate in patients with or without cytomegalovirus-related symptoms. However, the genome of human herpesvirus-7 was detected significantly more frequently (P<0.0001) in asymptomatic patients (41.7%) than in recipients with symptomatic cytomegalovirus infection (17%). We conclude that cytomegalovirus gB genotypes are not associated with the outcome of a cytomegalovirus infection in kidney transplant patients, that human herpesvirus-6 does not play a role in cytomegalovirus pathogenesis and that the role of human herpesvirus-7 in cytomegalovirus-related morbidity in kidney recipients remains unclear.

PMID:
12628547
DOI:
10.1016/S0928-8244(03)00006-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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