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Diabetologia. 2003 Feb;46(2):291-5. Epub 2003 Jan 8.

Genetic epidemiology of MODY in the Czech republic: new mutations in the MODY genes HNF-4alpha, GCK and HNF-1alpha.

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Department of Paediatrics, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Vinohradska 159, 100-81 Prague 10, Czech Republic.



The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and nature of mutations in HNF4alpha/MODY1, GCK/MODY2 and HNF-1alpha/MODY3 genes in Czech subjects with clinical diagnosis of MODY.


We studied 61 unrelated index probands of Czech origin (28 males, 33 females) with a clinical diagnosis of MODY and 202 family members. The mean age of probands was 22.7+/-12.0 years (range, 6-62) and the mean age at the first recognition of hyperglycaemia was 14.7+/-6.0 years (range, 1-25). The promotor and coding regions inclusive intron exon boundaries of the HNF-4alpha, GCK and HNF-1alpha genes were examined by PCR-dHPLC (HNF-1alpha and GCK) and direct sequencing.


We identified 20 different mutations in the HNF-4alpha, GCK and HNF-1alpha in 29 families (48% of all families studied), giving a relative prevalence of 5% of MODY1, 31% of MODY2 and 11.5% of MODY3 among the Czech kindred with MODY. Three of 3, 10 of 11 and 1 of 6 of the mutations identified in HNF-4alpha, GCK and HNF-1alpha respectively, were new.


Of the families 48% carried mutations in the MODY1-3 genes and of the identified mutations 70% were new. In 52% of Czech families with clinical characteristics of MODY, no mutations were found in the analysed genes. This finding shows that the majority of MODY mutations in a central European population are local and that other MODY genes could be responsible for autosomal dominant transmission of diabetes mellitus.

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