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Hum Genet. 2003 May;112(5-6):457-69. Epub 2003 Mar 8.

Finnish Disease Heritage II: population prehistory and genetic roots of Finns.

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Department of Medical Genetics, The Family Federation of Finland, Helsinki, Finland.


In the second part of my review of the Finnish Disease Heritage (FDH), I discuss the settling of Finland; factors influencing the genes of a population, such as agriculture versus hunting/fishing/gathering, trading and cultural relations, wars and other kinds of violence, and bottlenecks; relatives of the Finns in the light of classical European studies, classical Finnish studies, mtDNA and Y-chromosomal studies; the genes of the Finns today, characterizing FDH, the east-west difference among Finns, and minorities in Finland, viz. the Lapps or Saami and Swedish-speaking Finns.

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