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Medicina (Kaunas). 2003;39(2):105-13.

[Congenital genital anomalies. Aspects of diagnostics and treatment].

[Article in Lithuanian]

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Clinic of Paediatric Surgery, Kaunas University of Medicine, Eiveniu 2, 3007 Kaunas, Lithuania.


Congenital genital anomalies are a very complex pathology. In order to clarify its causes it is important to revert to the genetic conditions and regularities of embriological development. The genital disturbances are mostly determined by chromosomal or endocrinic disorders or by impaired biochemical processes. Clinical problems arise when the genetical sex is in discrepancy with ambiguous genitalia. True hermaphroditism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, testicular feminization and gonadal dysgenesis are the most common syndromes. Diagnostic criteria applied are similar for all (establishment of karyotype, investigation of hormones and their derivates, genital ultrasound and endoscopy, if needed - radiological examination), but medical and surgical treatment is applied to each patient individually.

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