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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Jun;305(3):833-9. Epub 2003 Mar 6.

Pharmacodynamic-mediated effects of the angiogenesis inhibitor SU5416 on the tumor disposition of temozolomide in subcutaneous and intracerebral glioma xenograft models.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 7701 Burholme Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111, USA.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the tumor distribution of temozolomide, an alkylating agent, in the absence and presence of the angiogenesis inhibitor 3-[(2,4-dimethylpyrrol-5-yl)methylidenyl]indolin-2-one (SU5416), a specific vascular endothelial cell growth factor receptor 2 inhibitor. The study was conducted in nude rats bearing either subcutaneous or intracerebral tumors that overexpressed vascular endothelial cell growth factor. For both tumor locations, animals were assigned to either of two treatment groups, SU5416 (25 mg/kg, dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide) or vehicle control, dimethyl sulfoxide (710 microl/kg) administered i.p. every day for a total of nine doses. Twenty-four hours after the last dose of SU5416 or dimethyl sulfoxide, temozolomide was administrated as a steady-state infusion regimen designed to achieve target plasma concentrations (Cp) of 20 microg/ml. In addition to the measurement of temozolomide Cp, tumor interstitial fluid unbound concentrations of temozolomide were evaluated by microdialysis. In subcutaneous tumors, SU5416 treatment produced a 24% reduction in steady-state temozolomide Ct values (p < 0.05) as well as 21% reductions in tumor/plasma concentration ratios (Ct/Cp; p = 0.11) compared with controls. In intracerebral tumors, steady-state temozolomide Ct and Ct/Cp ratios were significantly increased by 2-fold in the SU5416 treatment group compared with control. The apparent paradoxical effect of SU5416 on the tumor disposition of temozolomide in subcutaneous and intracerebral tumors is discussed in the context of physiological changes (for example, interstitial fluid pressure and microvessel density) and the sampling region in the tumor. It is proposed that the net balance of antiangiogenic drug-mediated pharmacodynamic actions will determine how drug disposition in tumors may be affected.

PMID:
12626639
DOI:
10.1124/jpet.102.048587
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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