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Clin Rehabil. 2003 Mar;17(2):203-5.

Efficacy of a specially designed hip protector for hip fracture prevention and compliance with use in elderly Hong Kong Chinese.

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1
Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Chinese University of Hong Kong. jeanwoowong@cuhk.edu.hk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hip protectors, while effective in prevention of hip fractures, have been designed for a Caucasian body build and may not be suitable for Asian subjects living in a subtropical climate.

OBJECTIVE:

Hip protectors and accompanying shorts were specially designed for use for the Chinese body build and subtropical climate, and tested for compliance and efficacy in fracture prevention.

METHOD:

A pragmatic study examining compliance with the wearing of hip protectors, and effectiveness in preventing hip fractures (using a case control design), in 302 subjects wearing hip protectors and 352 control subjects.

RESULTS:

Overall compliance varied from 55 to 70%. The relative risk for hip fracture was 0.18 (0.04-0.79), relative risk reduction 82%, and the number of subjects needing to wear a hip protector to prevent one fracture was 33 (19-117).

CONCLUSION:

Hip protectors adapted for use in Chinese people appear to reduce hip fractures in routine clinical practice.

PMID:
12625661
DOI:
10.1191/0269215503cr600oa
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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