Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Endocrine. 2002 Dec;19(3):229-38.

Gene targeting in the mouse: advances in introduction of transgenes into the genome by homologous recombination.

Author information

Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226, USA.


The ability to stably introduce genes into the germline of animals provides a powerful means to address the genetic basis of physiology. Introduction of genes to generate transgenic animals has facilitated the development of complex genetic models of disease, as well as the in vivo study of gene function. However, one drawback of traditional transgenic technologies in which genes are microinjected into early-stage embryos is that there is little control over where and in how many copies genes are introduced into the genome. The development of animal transgenic technologies, which take advantage of homologous recombination mechanisms and the manipulation of embryonic stem (ES) cells, allows investigators to target and alter specific loci. In mouse transgenic systems, a plethora of sophisticated gene-targeting strategies now permit investigators to manipulate the genome in ways that essentially allow one to introduce virtually any desired change into the genome. Furthermore, when coupled with systems that allow for conditional gene expression, these gene-targeting strategies allow both temporal and tissue specific control of alterations to the genome. In the present review we briefly discuss some of the more recent gene-targeting strategies that have been developed to address the limitations of traditional animal transgenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center