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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003 Mar;157(3):295-302.

Pediatric-based smoking cessation intervention for low-income women: a randomized trial.

Author information

1
Center for Health Studies, Group Health Cooperative, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607, USA. suecurry@uic.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Continued high rates of smoking among socioeconomically disadvantaged women lead to increases in children's health problems associated with exposure to tobacco smoke. The pediatric clinic is a "teachable setting" in which to provide advice and assistance to parents who smoke.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate a smoking cessation intervention for women.

DESIGN:

Two-arm (usual care vs intervention) randomized trial.

SETTING:

Pediatric clinics serving an ethnically diverse population of low-income families in the greater Seattle, Wash, area.

INTERVENTION:

During the clinic visit, women received a motivational message from the child's clinician, a guide to quitting smoking, and a 10-minute motivational interview with a nurse or study interventionist. Women received as many as 3 outreach telephone counseling calls from the clinic nurse or interventionist in the 3 months following the visit.

PARTICIPANTS:

Self-identified women smokers (n = 303) whose children received care at participating clinics.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Self-reported abstinence from smoking 12 months after enrollment in the study, defined as not smoking, even a puff, during the 7 days prior to assessment.

RESULTS:

Response rates at 3 and 12 months were 80% and 81%. At both follow-ups, abstinence rates were twice as great in the intervention group as in the control group (7.7% vs 3.4% and 13.5% vs 6.9%, respectively). The 12-month difference was statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS:

A pediatric clinic smoking cessation intervention has long-term effects in a socioeconomically disadvantaged sample of women smokers. The results encourage implementation of evidence-based clinical guidelines for smoking cessation in pediatric practice.

PMID:
12622686
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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