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Otol Neurotol. 2003 Mar;24(2):210-5.

Characterization of a stapes ankylosis family with a NOG mutation.

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Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA.



To characterize the otologic phenotype in a family with autosomal dominant stapes ankylosis, hyperopia, and skeletal abnormalities caused by a mutation in the noggin gene (NOG).


Case series.


Academic tertiary care center.


Eight affected and 3 unaffected family members.


History, physical and radiologic examination, and surgical outcomes.


Although affected members were initially presumed to have typical nonsyndromic otosclerosis, the clinical data were most consistent with an autosomal dominant congenital stapes ankylosis syndrome. Eight of eight affected family members had bilateral low-frequency conductive hearing loss. Six of eight underwent fenestration procedures and/or stapedectomies. All members with initial postoperative closure of the air-bone gap returned to their baseline conductive loss within 2 years. Two affected family members had documented maximal conductive hearing loss by age 4, and two members without previous otologic surgery have not experienced sensorineural hearing loss. High-resolution temporal bone computed tomography showed stapes ankylosis and indistinction of the incudomalleal junction bilaterally and bony regrowth over the stapedotomy for those with stapedectomies. Detailed physical and radiologic examination identified multiple other skeletal abnormalities.


Although this phenotype may present as classic otosclerosis to the otolaryngologist, detailed investigation revealed a congenital stapes ankylosis syndrome. Because is essential in regulating normal bone development and maturation, mutations in this gene may be associated with excessive bony overgrowth and refixation of the stapes footplate after initial successful surgery. Patients with hereditary conductive hearing loss should be assessed to rule out subtle features of a skeletal syndrome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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