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Virology. 2003 Feb 1;306(1):170-80.

Enhancing biosynthesis and secretion of premembrane and envelope proteins by the chimeric plasmid of dengue virus type 2 and Japanese encephalitis virus.

Author information

1
Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Service, Post Office Box 2087, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA. gxc7@cdc.gov

Abstract

We have constructed a series of plasmids encoding premembrane (prM) and envelope (E) protein genes of dengue virus type 2 (DEN-2). These plasmids included an authentic DEN-2 prM-E construct (pCBD2-14-6), and two chimeric constructs, 90% DEN-2 E-10% Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus E (pCB9D2-1J-4-3) and 80% DEN-2 E-20% JE E (pCB8D2-2J-2-9-1). Monoclonal antibody (MAb) reactivity indicated that all three plasmids expressed authentic DEN-2 virus E protein epitopes representative of flavivirus domains 1, 2, and 3. However, only the pCB8D2-2J-2-9-1 construct secreted high levels of prM, M (membrane), and E proteins into the culture fluid of plasmid-transformed COS-1 cells. The major portion of the prM and E proteins expressed by COS-1 cells transformed by pCBD2-14-6 or pCB9D2-4-3 plasmids remained membrane-bound. The results supported the notion that an unidentified membrane retention sequence is located between E-397 and E-436 of DEN-2 virus E protein. Replacing the carboxyl-terminal 20% of DEN-2 E (397-450) with the corresponding JE sequence had no effect on anti-DEN-2 MAb reactivity, indicating that this region is antigenically inert, although it is required for antigen secretion. Plasmid pCBD2-2J-2-9-1, which expressed secreted forms of prM/M and E that have the potential to form subviral particles, was superior to other constructs in stimulating an antibody response. Ninety percent neutralization titers ranging from 1:40 to >1:1000 were observed in seven of nine serum specimens from pCB8D2-2J-2-9-1-immunized mice. Eleven of twelve 2-day-old neonatal mice, derived from a pCB8D2-2J-2-9-1 immunized female mouse, survived intraperitoneal challenge of DEN-2 New Guinea C virus.

PMID:
12620809
DOI:
10.1016/s0042-6822(02)00028-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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