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Eur J Pharmacol. 2003 Mar 19;464(2-3):207-15.

Pharmacological characterisation of cannabinoid receptors inhibiting interleukin 2 release from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

Author information

1
Department of Biosciences, CP Snow Building, Hatfield Campus, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, UK.

Abstract

The effects of a range of cannabinoid receptor agonists and antagonists on phytohaemagglutinin-induced secretion of interleukin-2 from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were investigated. The nonselective cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55212-2 ((R)-(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[4-morpholinylmethyl]pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl](1-naphthyl) methanone mesylate) and the selective cannabinoid CB(2) receptor agonist JWH 015 ((2-methyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-napthalenylmethanone) inhibited phytohaemagglutinin (10 microg/ml)-induced release of interleukin-2 in a concentration-dependent manner (IC(1/2max), WIN55212-2=8.8 x 10(-7) M, 95% confidence limits (C.L.)=2.2 x 10(-7)-3.5 x 10(-6) M; JWH 015=1.8 x 10(-6) M, 95% C.L.=1.2 x 10(-6)-2.9 x 10(-6) M, n=5). The nonselective cannabinoid receptor agonists CP55,940 ((-)-3-[2-hydroxy-4-(1,1-dimethyl-hepthyl)-phenyl]4-[3-hydroxypropyl]cyclo-hexan-1-ol), Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and the selective cannabinoid CB(1) receptor agonist ACEA (arachidonoyl-2-chloroethylamide) had no significant (P>0.05) inhibitory effect on phytohaemagglutinin-induced release of interleukin-2. Dexamethasone significantly (P<0.05) inhibited phytohaemagglutinin-induced release of interleukin-2 in a concentration-dependent manner (IC(1/2max)=1.3 x 10(-8) M, 95% C.L.=1.4 x 10(-9)-3.2 x 10(-8) M). The cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist SR141716A (N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide hydrochloride) (10(-6) M) did not antagonise the inhibitory effect of WIN55212-2 whereas the cannabinoid CB(2) receptor antagonist SR144528 (N-(1,S)-endo-1,3,3-trimethyl bicyclo(2,2,1)heptan-2-yl)-5-(4-chloro-3-methylphenyl)-1-(4-methylbenzyl)-pyrazole-3-carboxamide) antagonised the inhibitory effect of WIN55212-2 (pA(2)=6.3+/-0.1, n=5). In addition, CP55,940 (10(-6) M) and Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (10(-6) M) also antagonised the inhibitory effects of WIN55212-2 (pA(2)=6.1+/-0.1, n=5 and pA(2)=6.9+/-0.2, n=5). In summary, WIN55,212-2 and JWH 015 inhibited interleukin-2 release from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells via the cannabinoid CB(2) receptor. In contrast, CP55,940 and Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol behaved as partial agonists/antagonists in these cells.

PMID:
12620515
DOI:
10.1016/s0014-2999(03)01379-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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