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Genome Biol. 2003;4(2):206. Epub 2003 Feb 3.

Sp1- and Krüppel-like transcription factors.

Author information

1
Gastroenterology Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55901, USA.

Abstract

Sp1-like proteins and Krüppel-like factors (KLFs) are highly related zinc-finger proteins that are important components of the eukaryotic cellular transcriptional machinery. By regulating the expression of a large number of genes that have GC-rich promoters, Sp1-like/KLF transcription regulators may take part in virtually all facets of cellular function, including cell proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, and neoplastic transformation. Individual members of the Sp1-like/KLF family can function as activators or repressors depending on which promoter they bind and the coregulators with which they interact. A long-standing research aim has been to define the mechanisms by which Sp1-like factors and KLFs regulate gene expression and cellular function in a cell- and promoter-specific manner. Most members of this family have been identified in mammals, with at least 21 Sp1-like/KLF proteins encoded in the human genome, and members are also found in frogs, worms and flies. Sp1-like/KLF proteins have highly conserved carboxy-terminal zinc-finger domains that function in DNA binding. The amino terminus, containing the transcription activation domain, can vary significantly between family members.

PMID:
12620113
PMCID:
PMC151296
DOI:
10.1186/gb-2003-4-2-206
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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