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Behav Neurosci. 2003 Feb;117(1):84-94.

Estrogen effects on the hyperactivity induced by (+)-MDMA and cocaine in female rats.

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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77555-1031, USA.


This study compared the effects of estrogen (E) on the hyperactivity induced by (+)-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) with E effects on cocaine-evoked hyperactivity in female rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were ovariectomized (OVX); half of them received a 17beta-estradiol (E2) implant (OVX + E). Three weeks later, rats received saline, (+)-MDMA (1, 2, or 4 mg/kg) or cocaine (5, 10, or 20 mg/kg), and locomotor activity was monitored. OVX + E rats exhibited greater locomotor hyperactivity in response to both psychostimulants than did OVX rats. The enhanced response to cocaine appeared within 5 min following drug injection whereas the enhanced response to (+)-MDMA was delayed for approximately 30 min. The differential effects of E on hyperactivity may be due to the unique profiles of DA and 5-HT in response to (+)-MDMA and cocaine.

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