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J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2003 Mar;16(3):263-70.

Quantification of myocardial blood flow and assessment of its transmural distribution with real-time power modulation myocardial contrast echocardiography.

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Dvision of Cardiology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.



The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) with power modulation to quantitate myocardial blood flow (MBF) and to assess its transmural distribution in open-chest dogs undergoing partial or total coronary stenoses.


MBF was measured in 12 dogs instrumented with a cuff occluder around the left anterior descending coronary artery at rest, during partial coronary stenosis (during infusion of adenosine), and during coronary occlusion. The MCE-derived rate of microbubble velocity, beta, and myocardial blood volume, A, were obtained by curve fitting of videointensity versus time plots, after the transient destruction of microbubbles by high-energy ultrasound. The data were compared with MBF measured with radiolabeled microspheres. Significant correlations were found between radiolabeled microsphere-derived MBF and both beta (r = 0.93) and the product of A x beta (r = 0.91). MCE beta reserve also correlated well with microsphere-derived flow reserve. Comparing endocardial/epicardial MCE ratios and microsphere-derived MBF ratios, significant correlation was also found between endomicropsheres/epimicrospheres MBF ratio and both endo/epi beta (r = 0.90) and endo/epi A x beta (r = 0.88).


Real-time power modulation MCE allows for an accurate quantification of MBF and of its transmural distribution in open-chest dogs undergoing partial or total coronary stenoses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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