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J Am Chem Soc. 2003 Mar 12;125(10):3150-8.

Molecular packing of lysozyme, fibrinogen, and bovine serum albumin on hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces studied by infrared-visible sum frequency generation and fluorescence microscopy.

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Department of Chemistry, University of California and Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.


Infrared-visible sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy, in combination with fluorescence microscopy, was employed to investigate the surface structure of lysozyme, fibrinogen, and bovine serum albumin (BSA) adsorbed on hydrophilic silica and hydrophobic polystyrene as a function of protein concentration. Fluorescence microscopy shows that the relative amounts of protein adsorbed on hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces increase in proportion with the concentration of protein solutions. For a given bulk protein concentration, a larger amount of protein is adsorbed on hydrophobic polystyrene surfaces compared to hydrophilic silica surfaces. While lysozyme molecules adsorbed on silica surfaces yield relatively similar SFG spectra, regardless of the surface concentration, SFG spectra of fibrinogen and BSA adsorbed on silica surfaces exhibit concentration-dependent signal intensities and peak shapes. Quantitative SFG data analysis reveals that methyl groups in lysozyme adsorbed on hydrophilic surfaces show a concentration-independent orientation. However, methyl groups in BSA and fibrinogen become less tilted with respect to the surface normal with increasing protein concentration at the surface. On hydrophobic polystyrene surfaces, all proteins yield similar SFG spectra, which are different from those on hydrophilic surfaces. Although more protein molecules are present on hydrophobic surfaces, lower SFG signal intensity is observed, indicating that methyl groups in adsorbed proteins are more randomly oriented as compared to those on hydrophilic surfaces. SFG data also shows that the orientation and ordering of phenyl rings in the polystyrene surface is affected by protein adsorption, depending on the amount and type of proteins.

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