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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2003 Apr 1;23(4):656-60. Epub 2003 Feb 27.

Lack of interleukin-1beta decreases the severity of atherosclerosis in ApoE-deficient mice.

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1
Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Gifu University School of Medicine, 40 Tsukasa-machi, Gifu 500-8705, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Atherosclerosis is considered to be a chronic inflammatory disease and many cytokines participate in the development of atherosclerosis. We focused on the role of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), one of the proinflammatory cytokines secreted by monocytes/macrophages, in the progression of atherosclerosis.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We generated mice lacking both apoE and IL-1beta. The sizes of atherosclerotic lesions at the aortic sinus in apoE-/-/IL-1beta-/-mice at 12 and 24 weeks of age showed a significant decrease of approximately 30% compared with apoE-/-/IL-1beta+/+ mice, and the percentage of the atherosclerotic area to total area of apoE-/-/IL-1beta-/- at 24 weeks of age also showed a significant decrease of about 30% compared with apoE-/-/IL-1beta+/+. The mRNA levels of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 in the apoE-/-/IL-1beta-/- aorta were significantly reduced compared with the apoE-/-/IL-1beta+/+. Furthermore, VCAM-1 was also reduced at the protein level in apoE-/-/IL-1beta-/- aorta compared with apoE-/-/IL-1beta+/+.

CONCLUSIONS:

The lack of IL-1beta decreases the severity of atherosclerosis in apoE deficient mice, possibly through increased expressions of VCAM-1 and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 in the aorta.

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