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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Mar 14;302(3):554-61.

Expression and characterization of the olfactomedin domain of human myocilin.

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  • 1Institute of Enzymology, Biological Research Center, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 7, H-1518 Budapest, Hungary.


The olfactomedin-domain has been first identified in olfactomedin, an extracellular matrix protein of the olfactory neuroepithelium. Members of this extracellular domain-family have since been shown to be present in several metazoan proteins, such as latrophilins, myocilins, and noelins, but their biological function is unknown. The olfactomedin-domain of myocilin is of considerable interest, since mutations affecting this domain are associated with primary open angle glaucoma. In order to define structural features of this domain-type we have expressed the olfactomedin-domain of human myocilin in Pichia pastoris. The olfactomedin-domain contains a single disulphide-bond connecting Cys-245 and Cys-433 residues; secondary structure predictions and circular dichroism studies indicate that it consists primarily of beta-strands. It is noteworthy that the majority of mutations associated with severe forms of glaucoma affect residues that reside in conserved secondary structural elements of the olfactomedin-domain or are otherwise critical for the integrity of this protein-fold.

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