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Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2003 Feb;30(2):223-30.

[Optimal dosing schedule in combination therapy with irinotecan and doxifluridine in a human colorectal cancer xenograft model].

[Article in Japanese]

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Dept. of Product Research, Nippon Roche Research Center.


A combination therapy with CPT-11 and 5-FU/LV has been recently established as a first-line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer. However, severe adverse effects have also been reported from this combination therapy, and a modality to reduce the adverse effects is desired. 5'-DFUR, a pro-drug of 5-FU, shows less myelotoxicity than 5-FU, and thus it may be a better partner to combine with CPT-11. However, since each drug has the possibility of inducing diarrhea, there is concern about their use in combination therapy. Therefore, in the present study, our aim was to establish an optimal schedule in murine models, which shows no increase in diarrhea but maintains potent antitumor activity. In non-tumor bearing mice, CPT-11 was given i.v. at 100 mg/kg/day q2d x 3, and 5'-DFUR was given p.o. at 172 mg/kg/day daily for 14 days. Each of these doses caused diarrhea in the single treatment. CPT-11 was administered simultaneously or sequentially with 5'-DFUR. With the simultaneously administered schedule, the diarrhea appeared stronger than that found in the CPT-11 single or in the 5'-DFUR single treatment groups. On the other hand, with the sequentially administered schedule the diarrhea was not much stronger than that found in the single agent treatment groups. When CPT-11 and 5'-DFUR administrations were separated by three-day intervals, the diarrhea was not augmented at all. In mice bearing human colorectal cancer COLO 205, the antitumor activity of CPT-11 in the combination with 5'-DFUR was additive in all of the examined schedules. The efficacy in the sequential schedule was the same as in the simultaneous schedule. These results suggest that a sequential administration schedule of CPT-11 and 5'-DFUR would be more tolerable than and equally efficacious to the simultaneous administration schedule. Clinical study of this sequential administration in combination therapy is warranted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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