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Plant J. 2003 Feb;33(4):665-76.

Expression profiling of the host response to bacterial infection: the transition from basal to induced defence responses in RPM1-mediated resistance.

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Department of Agricultural Sciences, Imperial College at Wye, Wye, Kent TN25 5AH, UK.


Changes in transcription in leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana were characterised following challenge with strains of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 allowing differentiation of basal resistance (hrpA mutants), gene-specific resistance (RPM1-specified interactions) and susceptibility (wild-type pathogen). In planta avirulence gene induction, changes in host [Ca2+]cyt and leaf collapse were used to delineate the transition from infection to induced resistance. The plant responds rapidly, dynamically and discriminately to infection by phytopathogenic bacteria. Within the first 2 h host transcriptional changes are common to all challenges indicating that Type III effector function does not contribute to early events in host transcriptome re-programming. The timing of induction for specific transcripts was reproducible, hierarchical and modulated at least in part through EDS1 function. R gene-specific transcripts were not observed until 3 h after inoculation. Intriguingly, the R gene-specific response proteins are expected to localise to diverse cellular addresses indicative of a global impact on cellular homeostasis. The altered transcriptional response rapidly manifests into initial symptoms of leaf collapse within 2 h, although establishment of the full macroscopic HR occurs significantly later.

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