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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Mar;304(3):1209-16.

Neuroendocrine evidence that (S)-2-(chloro-5-fluoro-indol- l-yl)-1-methylethylamine fumarate (Ro 60-0175) is not a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine(2C) receptor agonist.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Loyola University Chicago, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois, USA.


The 5-hydroxytryptamine(2A) and (2C) (5-HT(2A) and 5-HT(2C)) receptors are so closely related that selective agonists have not been developed until recently with the advent of (S)-2-(chloro-5-fluoro-indol-l-yl)-1-methylethylamine fumarate (Ro 60-0175), a putatively selective 5-HT(2C) receptor agonist. In the present study, Ro 60-0175 was used to analyze the importance of 5-HT(2C) receptors in hormone secretion. Injection of Ro 60-0175 (5 mg/kg s.c.) produced a maximum increase in plasma levels of adrenocorticotrophic hormone, oxytocin, and prolactin at 15 min postinjection and a maximum increase in plasma corticosterone levels at 60 min postinjection. Ro 60-0175-mediated increases in plasma hormone levels were dose-dependent (corticosterone ED(50) = 2.43 mg/kg; oxytocin ED(50) = 4.19 mg/kg; and prolactin ED(50) = 4.03 mg/kg). To assess the role of 5-HT(2C) and 5-HT(2A) receptors in mediating the hormone responses to Ro 60-0175, rats were pretreated with the 5-HT(2C) antagonist 6-chloro-5-methyl-1-[2-(2-methylpyridyl-3-oxy)-pyrid-5-yl carbonyl] indoline (SB 242084) or 5-HT(2A) antagonists (+/-)-2,3-dimethoxyphenyl-1-[2-4-(piperidine)-methanol] (MDL 100,907) before injection of Ro 60-0175 (5 mg/kg s.c.). Neither SB 242084 (0.1, 0.5, 1, and 5 mg/kg i.p.) nor MDL 100,907 (1, 5, and 10 microg/kg s.c.) significantly inhibited the Ro 60-0175-induced increases in plasma hormone levels. The data suggest that Ro 60-0175 increases hormone secretion by mechanisms independent of the activation of 5-HT(2C) and/or 5-HT(2A) receptors and suggest that Ro 60-0175 is not a highly selective 5-HT(2C) receptor agonist.

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