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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Mar 7;302(2):330-5.

Regulation of leukotriene-dependent induction of cyclooxygenase-2 and Bcl-2.

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Division of Experimental Pathology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, University Hospital Malmö, Malmö, Sweden.


Leukotrienes play an important pathophysiological role in chronic inflammatory states and, as previously shown, cause increased levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in intestinal epithelial cells. The anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 is also elevated by LTD(4) stimulation, and in colon cancer, so we studied the mechanisms of COX-2 and Bcl-2 regulation. We found that LTD(4) induced a 3-fold elevation of COX-2 transcription in Int 407 cells and a 2-fold equivalent in colon cancer cells, Caco-2. This was mediated through a pertussis toxin (PTX) sensitive G-protein and the MAP kinase Erk-1/2 pathway, and this was also shown to be the route to up-regulation of Bcl-2 by LTD(4). In good agreement with this, we detected a strong activation of Erk-1/2 that was further increased by COX-2 inhibition, pointing towards the existence of negative feedback regulation. Furthermore, COX-2 activity is responsible for the effects on Bcl-2, but this is not conveyed through the production of PGE(2).

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