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Addiction. 2003 Mar;98(3):355-63.

A prospective study of the association between smoking and later alcohol drinking in the general population.

Author information

1
Copenhagen Centre for Prospective Population Studies, Danish Epidemiology Science Centre at the Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

AIMS:

To address the possible prospective association between smoking habits and risk of later heavy drinking in the adult population.

DESIGN:

Pooled population-based long-term cohort studies with repeated assessments of smoking and alcohol habits.

SETTING:

Copenhagen, Denmark.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 14,130 non- to moderate drinkers at baseline, who attended re-examination.

MEASUREMENTS:

Among the non- to moderate drinkers we addressed the relation between smoking habits at first examination and the risk of becoming a heavy and excessive drinker at follow-up.

FINDINGS:

Level of tobacco consumption at first examination predicted an increased risk of becoming a heavy and excessive drinker in a dose-dependent manner. Men who smoked more than 25 g of tobacco per day had adjusted odds ratios of 2.12 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.44-3.11) and 3.95 (95% CI: 1.93-8.95) for becoming heavy and excessive drinkers, compared to participants who had never smoked. Equivalent estimates among women were 1.76 (95% CI: 1.02-3.04) and 2.21 (95% CI: 1.00-4.58), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study suggests that tobacco use is associated quantitatively with later risk of heavier drinking.

PMID:
12603235
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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