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J Consult Clin Psychol. 2003 Feb;71(1):118-28.

Coping skills and treatment outcomes in cognitive-behavioral and interactional group therapy for alcoholism.

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Department of Behavioral Sciences and Community Health, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington 06030, USA.


In the present study 128 alcohol dependent men and women received 26 weeks of group treatment in one of two modalities: Cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) intended specifically to develop coping skills or interactional therapy intended to examine interpersonal relationships. Coping skills and drinking were assessed prior to and after treatment and up to 18 months after intake. Results indicated that both treatments yielded very good drinking outcomes throughout the follow-up period. Increased coping skills was a significant predictor of outcome. However, neither treatment effected greater increases in coping than the other. Specific coping-skills training was not essential for increasing the use of coping skills. The results raise questions about the efficacy of specific treatment elements of CBT in treatment of alcohol dependence.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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