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Metabolism. 2003 Feb;52(2):192-8.

Effects of the prostaglandin I2 analogue, beraprost sodium, on vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in human vascular endothelial cells and circulating vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 level in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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1
Department of Molecular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

Beraprost sodium is an orally active prostaglandin (PG)I(2) analogue, which has antiplatelet and vasodilating properties. In this study, we investigated the effects of beraprost on the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), one of the key molecules involved in atherosclerosis, in cultured vascular endothelial cells. In addition, we examined the effects of beraprost on circulating VCAM-1 level and atherosclerosis progression in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Beraprost significantly decreased tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-induced VCAM-1 expression in human vascular endothelial cells. Beraprost also repressed human monocytoid U937 cell adhesion to the vascular endothelial cells. Twenty-five patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who had atherosclerotic change of carotid arteries were enrolled for an open prospective study: 11 patients received beraprost for 3 years, while the other 14 did not. The 3-year changes of circulating VCAM-1 level, as well as those of carotid arterial intima-media thickness (IMT) were significantly lower in the patients receiving the beraprost treatment than that in the patients without the treatment. Thus, beraprost had an ability to repress the expression of VCAM-1 in human vascular endothelial cells. In addition, beraprost lowered circulating VCAM-1 level and prevented the increase of carotid IMT in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Considering that circulating VCAM-1 and IMT are predictive of future vascular events, beraprost may have a beneficial effect on progression of atherosclerosis in diabetic patients.

PMID:
12601631
DOI:
10.1053/meta.2003.50025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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