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Nuklearmedizin. 2003 Feb;42(1):4-9.

Radioligands for imaging myocardial alpha- and beta-adrenoceptors.

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Department of Nuclear Medicine, Münster University, Germany.


Alpha- and beta-adrenoceptors play an important role in the control of heart function. According to their molecular, biological, and pharmacological characteristics, they are subdivided into alpha(1)-, alpha(2)- and beta(1)-, beta(2)-, beta(3)-, beta(4)-adrenoceptors. In cardiac disease, there is often a selective downregulation of beta(1)-adrenoceptors associated with a relative increase in beta(2)- and alpha(1)-adrenoceptors. Functional imaging techniques like single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) provide the unique capability for non-invasive assessment of cardiac adrenoceptors. Radioligands with high specific binding to cardiac alpha- and beta-adrenoceptors suitable for radiolabelling are required for clinical studies. The non-selective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist [(11)C]CGP-12177 was used to quantify beta-adrenoceptor density using PET in patients with heart disease. New non-selective ligands (e. g. [(11)C]CGP-12388, [(18)F]CGP-12388, [(11)C]carazolol and [(18)F]fluorocarazolol) are currently evaluated; beta(1)-selective radioligands (e. g. [(11)C]CGP-26505, [(11)C]bisoprolol, [(11)C]HX-CH 44) and beta(2)-selective radioligands (e. g. [(11)C]formoterol, [(11)C]ICI-118551) were assessed in animals. None of them turned out as suitable for cardiac PET. Potential radioligands for imaging cardiac alpha(1)-adrenoceptors are based on prazosin. Whereas [(11)C]prazosin shows low specific binding to myocardium, its derivative [(11)C]GB67 looks more promising. The putative alpha(2)-adrenoceptor radioligand [(11)C]MK-912 shows high uptake in rodent myocardium but has not yet been evaluated in man. A number of radioligands were evaluated for assessing cardiac adrenoceptors using PET. New radioligands are needed to provide more insight into cardiac pathophysiology which may influence the therapeutic management of patients with cardiovascular disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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