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Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Mar;77(3):573-9.

Effect of sex and obesity on basal VLDL-triacylglycerol kinetics.

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1
Center for Human Nutrition and the Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Plasma fatty acid availability is a major regulator of VLDL-triacylglycerol production. Basal whole-body lipolysis is higher in women than in men and is higher in persons with abdominal obesity than in lean individuals.

OBJECTIVE:

Our goal was to determine whether sex and abdominal obesity affect VLDL-triacylglycerol kinetics. We hypothesized that basal VLDL-triacylglycerol production would be greater in women than in men and greater in obese than in lean subjects.

DESIGN:

VLDL-triacylglycerol kinetics were measured in 20 lean (10 men, 10 women; body mass index, in kg/m(2): 23 +/- 1) and 20 abdominally obese (10 men, 10 women; body mass index: 35 +/- 1) subjects by using a bolus injection of [(2)H(5)]glycerol and compartmental modeling analysis.

RESULTS:

The rate of VLDL-triacylglycerol secretion was greater in the lean women than in the lean men (5.1 +/- 0.7 and 2.6 +/- 0.3 micro mol x L plasma(-1) x min(-1), respectively; P < 0.002). Obesity was associated with increased VLDL-triacylglycerol secretion in the men (P < 0.001) but not in the women, which resulted in greater rates of VLDL-triacylglycerol secretion in the obese men than in the obese women (6.8 +/- 0.5 and 5.0 +/- 0.5 micro mol x L plasma(-1) x min(-1), respectively; P < 0.05). The clearance of VLDL-triacylglycerol from plasma was greater (P < 0.05) in the lean women than in the lean men (42 +/- 7 and 27 +/- 4 mL plasma/min, respectively) or in the obese men and obese women (28 +/- 3 and 20 +/- 4 mL plasma/min, respectively). The plasma VLDL-triacylglycerol concentration was directly related to the rate of VLDL-triacylglycerol secretion in the men (R(2) = 0.79, P < 0.001) and inversely related to VLDL-triacylglycerol clearance in the women (R(2) = 0.84, P<0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Sex and obesity have independent effects on basal VLDL-triacylglycerol kinetics.

PMID:
12600845
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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