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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1976 Apr 16;433(1):75-89.

Preparation of chick brain synaptosomes and synaptosomal membranes.


A method is described for the preparation of synaptosomes and synaptosomal membranes from chicken brain. Procedures for isolating rat synaptosomal membranes could not be used directly; several modifications of existing procedures are reported. Purity of the subcellular and subsynaptosomal fractions was monitored by electron microscopy and measurements of ferrocytochrome c: oxygen oxidoreductase (EC 1.9.3.)), monoamine: oxygen oxidoreductase (deaminating) EC, rotenone-insensitive NADH: cytochrome c oxidoreductase (EC, NADPH: cytochrome c oxidoreductase (EC, orthophosphoric monoester phosphohydrolase (EC, ATP phosphohydrolase (EC, and levels of RNA. Microsomes are the main contaminant of the synaptosomal membrane fraction. Mitochondrial and lysosomal enzymes occur in lesser amounts. No myelin contamination was observed. Marker enzymes for contaminants suggest that these synaptosomal membranes are as pure as membranes described by others, and the specific activity of a neuronal membrane marker, (Na+ -K+)-activated ATPase, is as high as other preparations. Levels of this enzyme in the membrane fraction are enriched 13-fold over homogenate ATPase levels.

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