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Theor Appl Genet. 2003 Feb;106(4):668-75. Epub 2002 Oct 19.

Isolate-specific QTLs of resistance to leaf stripe (Pyrenophora graminea) in the 'Steptoe' x 'Morex' spring barley cross.

Author information

1
Istituto Sperimentale per la Cerealicoltura, Sezione di Fiorenzuola, Via S. Protaso 302, Italy.

Abstract

Leaf stripe caused by the fungus Pyrenophora graminea represents a serious threat to grain yield in organically grown barley and in conventional Nordic and Mediterranean districts, for which resistant cultivars are necessary. A medium-density, molecular marker map derived from a 'Steptoe' (partially resistant) x 'Morex' (susceptible) spring barley cross and its derived doubled-haploid mapping population inoculated with the fungus made it possible to identify QTLs of resistance to leaf stripe. In order to investigate isolate-specificity of partial resistance, the 'Steptoe' x 'Morex' segregating population was inoculated with two highly virulent P. graminea isolates, Dg2 and Dg5. The present study demonstrates that partial resistance to leaf stripe of cv 'Steptoe' is governed in part by shared loci and in part by isolate-specific ones. One QTL is common to the resistance for the two isolates, on the long arm of chromosome 2 (2H), two QTLs are linked on chromosome 3 (3H), and the remaining two are isolate-specific, respectively for isolate Dg2 on chromosome 2 (2H) and for isolate Dg5 on chromosome 7 (5H). The QTL in common is that with the major effect on the resistance for each isolate, explaining 18.3% and 30.9% R(2) respectively for Dg2 and Dg5. The isolate-specific QTLs mapped in the 'Steptoe' x 'Morex' barley reference map support the assumption of Parlevliet and Zadoks (1977) that partial resistance may be due to minor gene-for-minor-gene interactions. Map comparisons of the QTLs with the known qualitative resistance genes to leaf stripe, Rdg1 (2H) and Rdg2 (7H), as well as with other QTLs of partial resistance in barley, show that the QTL for resistance to both isolates mapped on the long arm of chromosome 2 (2H) does not coincide with the qualitative Rdg1 gene but is linked to it at about 30 cM. One isolate-specific QTL of resistance to P. graminea, mapped on the short arm of chromosome 2 (2H), is coincident with a QTL for resistance to Pyrenophora teres previously mapped in the 'Steptoe' x 'Morex' cross.

PMID:
12595996
DOI:
10.1007/s00122-002-1115-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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