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Gene Ther. 2003 Feb;10(4):326-36.

Development of an Ad7 cosmid system and generation of an Ad7deltaE1deltaE3HIV(MN) env/rev recombinant virus.

Author information

1
Basic Research Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892-5055, USA.

Abstract

A strategy to circumvent immune responses to adenovirus (Ad) resulting from natural infection or repeated vector administrations involves sequential use of vectors from different Ad serotypes. To further develop an Ad-HIV recombinant AIDS vaccine approach, a replication-defective recombinant Ad from a non-subgroup C virus was required. Using a cosmid system, we generated an Ad7deltaE1deltaE3HIV(MN) env/rev recombinant virus and compared expression of the inserted HIV genes with a similarly constructed replication-competent Ad7deltaE3HIV(MN)env/rev recombinant. Ad7deltaE1deltaE3HIV(MN)env/rev expressed both HIV env and rev gene products. The envelope protein was correctly processed and functional, mediating syncytia formation of Ad7deltaE1deltaE3HIV(MN) env/rev-infected cells and CD4(+) T lymphocytes. Ad7deltaE1deltaE3HIV(MN)env/rev could be amplified on 293-ORF6 cells, containing the E4 ORF6 gene, shown earlier to support production of an Ad7 vector lacking the E1a gene. The utility of this cell line is now extended to the production of replication-defective Ad7 recombinants lacking E1a, E1b, and protein IX genes. Sequential immunizations with Ad-HIV recombinants based in different Ad serotypes have been shown to effectively elicit both humoral and cellular HIV-specific immune responses. The recombinant Ad7deltaE1deltaE3HIV(MN)env/rev will be useful in such AIDS vaccine strategies. Further, these studies have created new cosmid vectors that can be applied to generation of single- or double-deleted Ad7 recombinants with foreign genes inserted into the E1 and/or E3 regions.

PMID:
12595891
DOI:
10.1038/sj.gt.3301903
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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